The Qatari Forum for Authors presented a panel discussion entitled “Islamic Civilization and Architecture”, as part of the activities of Doha Capital of Culture in the Islamic World 2021. The session was moderated by Maryam Al Hammadi, Director General of the Forum.
During the session, researcher Dr. Mohamed Ahmed Abdel Salam, Professor of Archeology and Islamic Civilization, and member of the General Secretariat of the International Council of Museums ICOM, confirmed that the Islamic civilization is a human civilization with a global performance, and that it is a civilization for life, as it is an ideal and realistic civilization, according to what the late French historian Gustave Le Bon testified in his book “Civilization of Arabs”.
He explained that Islamic civilization is a civilization of construction and reconstruction, as it preserves the structure of man, by preserving the five necessities: religion, soul, mind, offspring and money, while upgrading his values and morals. We see that the Prophet Muhammad was the first one who established quarantine controls, and his followers implemented it, to prevent the spread of infectious diseases. In addition, Muslim scholars contributed to the advancement of life sciences in medicine, pharmacology, engineering, algebra, physics and other sciences.
The researcher presented bright examples of the Islamic scholars who contributed to the advancement of human civilization in general. Al-Khazin was the first to speak about gravity, Al-Farabi is the second teacher after Aristotle, and Al-Zahrawi is the pride of Arab and Muslim surgeons and the most skilled surgeons throughout history, and the first to perform Lithotripsy process in history, and the first to carry out the process of premature birth in history. He draw, explain and invent more than 196 machines. Ibn Sina is considered a world-class doctor, and China celebrated him a thousand years after his death, and some of his books were translated into Chinese. Jaber Ibn Hayyan is considered the first pioneer of modern chemistry. Al-Sufi was the first to compile an accurate catalog of the stars in the sky.
Dr. Abdel-Salam pointed out that there are many Western testimonies about Muslim scholars confirming their superiority in sciences. He said that the civilization of Muslims is a civilization that masters the art of the third dimension and long-term plans, citing the spread of Islam in Indonesia, which currently has (350 million Muslims) through merchants, as Muslims built Manila, the capital of Philippines since 398 AH, its name was (Aman of God), and the Portuguese changed it to Manila. Mozambique was also named on the African coast of the Indian Ocean, after the last Muslim rulers in it, (Musa Munbek).
He mentioned that the first one who draw a marine map of China was the Chinese Muslim navigator (Ma Cheng He), and he made more than 7 major sea voyages during the Ming Dynasty of China And he arrived in Mecca and the Arabian Peninsula. Not only that, the architect of the construction of Beijing was the Arab Muslim engineer Ikhtiar Al-Din, its architectural planning was similar to Baghdad.
Abdel-Salam added that the Islamic civilization was concerned with urbanization, and the philosophy of Islamic art stemmed from Islamic values, which was reflected in the architecture.
He pointed out that Islamic architecture is a kind of architecture capable of coexistence, for example, astronomical observatories were attached to mosques in China, and the head of the astronomical observatory in China was appointed only by Muslims in the past because they are experienced in astronomy.