A cultural symposium to define the moon orbits in the Qatari heritage treasures

17 June, 2021


The Ministry of Education and Higher Education organized a cultural symposium via visual connections entitled “Moon orbits in the Treasures of Qatar’s Heritage” for the Ministry’s employees and school principals.

The symposium came within the framework of the activities of Doha Capital of Culture in the Islamic World 2021, which is held under the slogan “Our Culture is Enlightenment”, that supervised by the Ministry of Culture and Sports and Qatar National Commission for Education, Culture and Science, in cooperation with a number of strategic partners from the institutions of the state.

The symposium aims to introduce forensic astronomy in the Qatari heritage, and to introduce the pioneers of this science among the distinguished Qataris in this field, including Sheikh Hamed bin Ahmed Al-Marwani (1865 -1940), who was one of the first Qatari scientists who were interested in studying this science, as well as discussing a rare Qatari manuscript for Al-Marwani. This manuscript provides a detailed explanation of moon orbits and the arrangement of these orbits, with illustrations for each orbit separately for the number of stars and their arrangement as a cultural activity in which the ministry participates with the aim of spreading environmental culture in a way that ensures the sustainability and quality of the environment for current and future generations, as well as the referring to the role of the moon orbits in determining the seasons of the year, weather fluctuations, wind conditions, rain, heat, and cold.

The cultural symposium was presented by Mr. Mohamed Fouad Haseeb, an educational guide in the Department of Science,  in the Ministry of Education. During his presentation, he highlighted the efforts of Sheikh Hamed Al Marwani as a pioneer in education and culture fields, and how his students benefited from him, including Amna Al Jaidah, the first Qatari school principal.

He also reviewed the books of Sheikh Al-Marwani and his manuscripts, including one of his manuscripts for clarifying the moon orbits, in which he used teaching aids through systems and simplified drawings to clarify the information and focus on his creativity by linking his explanation with the newly captured images of those stars.

In the presentation, the sources of science taught in the Qatari curricula as well as the extracurricular activities applied in science department of the ministry were linked through “Globe program” for environmental culture, which aims to take care of the environment, and spread cultural awareness of the importance of following up the various astronomical phenomena and their connection to people’s lives in a simplified way, through what Sheikh Al-Marwani presented in his manuscript about moon orbits. And how can the Islamic culture be employed in the fields of sciences and modern education.

The symposium also hosted Eng. Hassan Al-Marwani, the grandson of Sheikh Al-Marwani, to talk about his biography, his most important works and his students.